Diabetes & Self-Administered Medications


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Diabetes is characterized by high blood glucose levels. Our bodies break down most food into glucose, and then use it to fuel our systems. In order for the glucose to get into our cells, the body needs insulin. People with diabetes either produce little to no insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately to insulin.

Treatment for Diabetes

People with diabetes may be treated with medication or insulin. There are two common ways to take insulin: shots and insulin pumps. Eating right can be an effective way to help manage diabetes, as it can make a significant difference in controlling the blood sugar level. As a CAREGiver, it is important to encourage the client to follow the recommended diet from the client's physician. Exercise can be beneficial for clients with diabetes. Encourage your client to follow the recommended exercise routine prescribed by her physician. You can offer assistance by reminding her to protect her feet. Make sure her shoes fit well and are tied. After exercising, check the feet for blisters, cuts, bumps, redness or other sores. If present, call the franchise office immediately. Watch the client while she exercises and for a few hours after. If the client is shaking, anxious, confused or weak or she is sweating more than usual, her blood sugar may be low or dropping. Call the franchise office immediately. The client may have a process for when her blood sugar is low. She may have glucose tablets, a small carton of fruit juice or a few pieces of hard candy. Make sure whatever she uses in these situations is on hand and easy to retrieve for the client.

Role of a CAREGiver

A CAREGiver plays an important role when working with a client with diabetes. Here is a list of things to try to help the client with diabetes:

  • Prompt the client to check blood sugar levels at regularly scheduled times. Record information in the Client Journal. Follow the client's physician's instructions if the levels are too high or low.
  • Remind the client to take the necessary medications.
  • Help the client schedule the different medical appointments, and make sure there is transportation to and from the appointments.
  • Document signs and symptoms or other concerns for the client to discuss with her doctor.
  • Know the action plan in case of a diabetic emergency or complications
  • Plan and prepare a well-balanced diet.


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