Bathing and Grooming

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Bathing can provide many benefits to a senior:
•      Removes dirt and perspiration from the skin
•      Stimulates circulation
•      Helps the client feel better about her appearance.
Some clients may be able to bathe without your help, while others may be completely dependent on you while bathing.
Clients with limited mobility may find it difficult to bathe, which can lead to avoidance. In many situations the client's preferences, incontinence issues, and physical condition can be factors in how often she bathes. If this is the case, a daily bath may not be necessary, but freshening up each day should be encouraged.

Bathing and Safety

The bathroom is the most common area for client accidents. Encourage clients to use grab bars when present in the shower and tub to avoid slips and falls. If water collects on the floor, be sure to wipe it up immediately. A large, suction-cupped shower mat will also help prevent slips in the shower or tub.

Clients can get tired while showering, putting them at risk for falls. A shower seat allows the client to sit down to maintain safety. If using a shower seat, make sure all necessary bathing items are within reach. Make sure the temperature in the bathroom is warm before the client enters; getting out of a shower or bath in a cold room can be very unpleasant.

Call the franchise office if you recognize that your client could benefit by using support devices (grab bars, shower or tub mat, or shower seat).

Bathing may be the most difficult personal care activity you face when working with a client with Alzheimer's disease or another dementia. Bathing is an intensely private experience; clients with dementia may perceive it as unpleasant or threatening. You may find that some clients do not have the patience to endure the unpleasant parts of the task, like the lack of privacy or being cold.

Here are some tips for bathing a client with dementia:
• Always protect your client's dignity, privacy, and comfort                  
* Gather all supplies before you tell the client that it is time to bathe.
• Know your client's abilities                    
* Use a non-skid mat in the tub/shower
• Never leave your client alone in the bathroom.            
*  Make sure the room is warm.

Remove electric appliances from the bathroom, such as electric razors, hair dryers, and curling irons.
Use large beach towels or bath blankets that completely cover the client.
Prevent shampoo, water, or soap from going in the client's eyes.
Remove chemicals, aerosols, and cleaning supplies from the bathroom.
Use a shower chair and hand held showerhead.
Closely monitor water Temperature.
Use smaller shampoo bottles; Clients may have a difficult time holding on to larger bottles.
Involve your client in each step.
Cover the shower seat and other
Sing or play music to help the client remain calm.
Demonstrate each step to the client, and then ask her to do it herself.
Pat the skin dry.
Dry the client; help her dress while she is sitting down.
Many older clients bathed once or twice a week while growing up and are comfortable with this schedule. As a result, they may become agitated or combative if they feel forced to take a bath or shower. A sponge bath may be a better option in these situations.


Many adults use care and take pride in how they look, especially when they go out in public. You can help your clients maintain a clean, healthy appearance and encourage independence by assisting with grooming. It is important to preserve routines your client has practiced for years.  For example, your client may prefer to bathe before going to bed or use a specific hair spray she has used for 40 years. Take time to learn these personal preferences and help make them a part of everyday life for your client.  Here are some tips for grooming a client with dementia: Maintain grooming routines. Go to her favorite beautician or his long time barber. Use favorite and familiar toiletries


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